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About: Australia and New Zealand are the most known countries in a wider region known as Australasia and Oceania. Oceania is the region comprising of the Australian continent and many other islands in the Pacific. The total no. of countries in Australian continent is 14 nations including New Zealand, Fiji and others.  Australia, the smallest continent, is officially known as the Commonwealth of Australia. It is also the world’s sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries of Australia include Papua New Guinea; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; Indonesia and East Timor to the north; and New Zealand to the south-east.

Pre colonial era: Prior to the arrival of British, Australia was inhabited by the aborigines who used languages roughly 250 language groups. The establishment of first British settlement took place in the late 18th century after Australia was discovered by Dutch explorers in 1606. The country’s eastern half came under the suzerainty of Great Britain in 1770 and gradually started settling through penal transportation of the convicted to the colony of New South Wales (NSW) from 26 January 1788. The growth of population of the continent was steady in 18th century. The continent was further explored and subsequently many self governing colonies came into existence. In the beginning of 20th century the British government federated six colonies, forming the Commonwealth of Australia on 1 January 1901. After the merger of all the six federations, Australia has been following the liberal democratic political system that follows the function of a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy. 

Modern times: Australia is one of the wealthiest and developed countries in the world having the world’s 12th-largest economy. There are several amazing and wonderful places in this country. You can go to Blue Mountain, Great Barrier Reef or see the architectural beauty of Sydney Opera House. There are plenty of other wonders and beautiful tourist destinations in this country.

Tourist Attractions: 

Great Barrier Reef Uluru Sydney Harbour Bridge
Sydney Opera House Great Ocean Road Bondi Beach
Whitsunday Islands Darling Harbour Kakadu National Park
Fraser Island The Twelve Apostles Phillip Island
Sunshine Coast Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park Hamilton Island
Port Jackson Circular Quay Whitehaven Beach
Blue Mountains Port Douglas Yarra River
Hunter Region Cape Tribulation, Queensland Daintree Rainforest

Nations / Territories in Australasia and Oceania: 

S. No. Name Capital
1 American Samoa Pago Pago
2 Ashmore and Cartier Islands External territory of Australia
3 Australia Canberra
4 Australia Antarctic Territory
5 Baker Island
6 Christmas Island 
7 Cocos Island
8 Cook Islands Avarua
9 Coral Sea Islands
10 Fiji Suva
11 French Polynesia Papeete
12 Guam Hagatna
13 Howland Island
14 Jervis Bay Island
15 Jarvis Island
16 Johnston Atoll
17 Kingman Reef
18 Kiribati South Tarawa
19 Marshall Islands Majuro
20 Micronesia Palikir
21 Midway Atoll
22 Nauru Yaren 
23 New Caledonia Noumea
24 New Zealand Wellington
25 Niue Alofi
26 Norfolk Island Kingston
27 Northern Mariana Islands Saipan
28 Northern Territory Saipan
29 Palau Ngerulmud
30 Palmyra Atoll
31 Papua New Guinea Port Moresby
32 Pitcairn Islands Adamstown
33 Samoa Apia
34 Solomon Islands Honiara
35 Territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands
36 Tokelau Nukunonu 
37 Tonga Nukuʻalofa
38 Tuvalu Funafuti
39 Vanuatu Port Vila
40 Wake Island Insular area of USA
41 Wallis and Futuna Mata-Utu

Major Cities in Australia:

Canberra is the capital of Australia and has an area of 814.2 km². The population of Canberra was 356,585  in 2011. The coordinates of the city …………. read more.
Melbourne, second most populous city, is the most populous city and capital of the Australian state of Victoria …………. read more.
Sydney is the most populous city and capital of the New South Wales.  The area of Sydney is 12,368 km²  …………………. read more.
Adelaide is the coastal capital of the state of South Australia.  The area of Adelaide is 3,258 km² and the population was 1.36 million in 2017 ……………. read more.
Brisbane is the capital of Queensland state. The coordinates of Brisbane are 27.4698° S, 153.0251° E. The area of the city is 15,826 km² …………….. read more.
Perth is the capital of the Western Australia and the fourth-most populous city, 2.2 million in 2017 ………………….. read more.

For more and comprehensive list of cities ………….. please click.

Australian Cities with Population ………….. please click.

Australian States:

New South Wales Victoria South Australia
Western Australia Queensland Tasmania

Australia Tour:

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