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Australia

Source: Slilin

About: Australia and New Zealand are the most known countries in a wider region known as Australasia and Oceania. Oceania is the region comprising of the Australian continent and many other islands in the Pacific. The total no. of countries in Australian continent is 14 nations including New Zealand, Fiji and others. 
Australia, the smallest continent, is officially known as the Commonwealth of Australia. It is also the world’s sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries of Australia include Papua New Guinea; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; Indonesia and East Timor to the north; and New Zealand to the south-east.

Pre colonial era: Prior to the arrival of British, Australia was inhabited by the aborigines who used languages roughly 250 language groups. The establishment of first British settlement took place in the late 18th century after Australia was discovered by Dutch explorers in 1606. The country’s eastern half came under the suzerainty of Great Britain in 1770 and gradually started settling through penal transportation of the convicted to the colony of New South Wales (NSW) from 26 January 1788. The growth of population of the continent was steady in 18th century. The continent was further explored and subsequently many self governing colonies came into existence. In the beginning of 20th century the British government federated six colonies, forming the Commonwealth of Australia on 1 January 1901. After the merger of all the six federations, Australia has been following the liberal democratic political system that follows the function of a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy. 

Modern times: Australia is one of the wealthiest and developed countries in the world having the world’s 12th-largest economy. There are several amazing and wonderful places in this country. You can go to Blue Mountain, Great Barrier Reef or see the architectural beauty of Sydney Opera House. There are plenty of other wonders and beautiful tourist destinations in this country.

Tourist Attractions: 

Great Barrier Reef

Uluru

Sydney Harbour Bridge

Sydney Opera House

Great Ocean Road

Bondi Beach

Whitsunday Islands

Darling Harbour

Kakadu National Park

Fraser Island

The Twelve Apostles

Phillip Island

Sunshine Coast, Queensland

Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park

Hamilton Island

Port Jackson

Circular Quay

Whitehaven Beach

Outback

The Rocks

Yarra River

Hunter Region

Cape Tribulation, Queensland

Daintree Rainforest

Nations / Territories in Australasia and Oceania: 

S. No.

Name

Capital

1

American Samoa

Pago Pago

2

Ashmore and Cartier Islands

External territory of Australia

3

Australia

Canberra

4

Australia Antarctic Territory

5

Baker Island

6

Christmas Island 

7

Cocos Island

8

Cook Islands

Avarua

9

Coral Sea Islands

10

Fiji

Suva

11

French Polynesia

Papeete

12

Guam

Hagatna

13

Howland Island

14

Jervis Bay Island

15

Jarvis Island

16

Johnston Atoll

17

Kingman Reef

18

Kiribati

South Tarawa

19

Marshall Islands

Majuro

20

Micronesia

Palikir

21

Midway Atoll

22

Nauru

Yaren 

23

New Caledonia

Noumea

24

New Zealand

Wellington

25

Niue

Alofi

26

Norfolk Island

Kingston

27

Northern Mariana Islands

Saipan

28

Northern Territory

Saipan

29

Palau

Ngerulmud

30

Palmyra Atoll

31

Papua New Guinea

Port Moresby

32

Pitcairn Islands

Adamstown

33

Samoa

Apia

34

Solomon Islands

Honiara

35

Territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands

36

Tokelau

Nukunonu 

37

Tonga

Nukuʻalofa

38

Tuvalu

Funafuti

39

Vanuatu

Port Vila

40

Wake Island

Insular area of USA

41

Wallis and Futuna

Mata-Utu

Major Cities in Australia:

Canberra is the capital of Australia and has an area of 814.2 km². The population of Canberra was 356,585  in 2011. The coordinates of the city …………. read more.

Melbourne, second most populous city, is the most populous city and capital of the Australian state of Victoria …………. read more.

Sydney is the most populous city and capital of the New South Wales.  The area of Sydney is 12,368 km²  …………………. read more.

Adelaide is the coastal capital of the state of South Australia.  The area of Adelaide is 3,258 km² and the population was 1.36 million in 2017 ……………. read more.

Brisbane is the capital of Queensland state. The coordinates of Brisbane are 27.4698° S, 153.0251° E. The area of the city is 15,826 km² …………….. read more.

Perth is the capital of the Western Australia and the fourth-most populous city, 2.2 million in 2017 ………………….. read more.

For more and comprehensive list of cities ………….. please click.

Australian States:

New South Wales

Victoria

South Australia

Western Australia

Queensland

Tasmania