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Uttarakhand Information

Uttarakhand was carved out of UP to form a separate state on 9th November, 2000. The mountainous districts and some flat land of Haridwar and Udham Singh Nagar, districts were carved out of the state of Uttar Pradesh to make a new state  called Uttaranchal. In 2006 it was renamed as  Uttarakhand which is the traditional nomenclature  for the stretch of land dotted with places of pilgrimage with Haridwar as its gateway.

          The name Uttarakhand therefore is associated with divinity, austerity, meditation, penance and attainment.  It knew no definite political or geographical limits, but in the minds of the devout, the general idea of its location could not be mistaken when the term Uttarakhand was used. This is largely true even today.

Uttaranchal on the other hand was a name with definite political and geographical connotation. This name was meant to convey that a new state has arrived on the map of India without loosing any of the mystical appeals of Uttarakhand, and yet being much more than its mystic image as it  includes vast areas of flat-land in the foothills known for agricultural wealth and industrial strength. But in 2006 for political reasons Uttaranchal was renamed as Uttarakhand, which comprises of 13 districts and had a population of 84,79,562 people, as per 2001 census which has gone up to 1,01,16,752 as per 2011 census. 

 

District

Area ( sq.km)

Population 2001

Population 2011

 1

Uttarkashi

7,951

2,94,179

3,29,686

2

Tehri Garhwal

4,085

6,04,608

6,16,409

3

Dehradun

3,088

12,79,083

16,98,560

4

Chamoli

7,692

3,69,198

3,91,114

5

Rudraprayag

1,896

2,27,461

2,36,857

6

Pauri Garhwal

5,440

6,96,851

6,86,527

7

Haridwar

2,360

14,44,213

19,27,029

8

Udham Singh Nagar

2,912

12,34,548

16,48,367

9

Nainital

3,853

7,62,912

9,55,128

10

Almora

3,090

6,30,446

6,21,927

11

Bageshwar

2,310

2,49,453

2,59,840

12

Champawat

1,781

2,24,461

2,59,315

13

Pithoragarh

7,110

4,62,149

4,85,993

 

Total

53,484

84,79,562

1,01,16,752

 

             Now it is again Uttarakhand, where Ganga, Yamuna and scores of rivers and rivulets are seen in their blissful infancy.   It remains a constant source of spiritual attainment for Hindus and Sikhs, drawing pilgrims seeking self-realisation and Moksha from all over the world. Uttarakhand has that galaxy of peaks and glaciers, meadows and jungles, and that wealth of colourful valleys and dales that have no parallel on earth.  Never did Adi Guru Shankaracharya think more emotionally of a place than Uttarakhand, never did Frank Smyth speak more eloquently than he did while writing about the “Valley of Flowers”.

          There is a lot that one can learn and discover in Uttarakhand.  On the one hand, the devotionally adorned temples with their pinnacles soaring into the cosmic blue tend to heighten in humanity the ecstatic sense of closeness to the Absolute One and even complete surrender to   the Almighty. And on the other hand the frozen lakes, majestic waterfalls, meandering rivers, undulating meadows, incredible mountains and rich flora and fauna provide a glorious panorama to soothe and invigorate those fatigued from the hectic life of urban rush.  Then there is the innocent, friendly hill-man waiting with a welcome that is rich in all his simplicity and innocence. 

The magic of this land of wisdom and wonders is not to be said and read, it is to be seen and felt.  The real glory remains conspicuously unsung, since the task of reducing it to words appears to be beyond anyone. Is it the land of Gods, a museum of rare flora and fauna, or the image of ignorance and simplicity? To the seeker it is a land promising the ultimate answer, a rewarding pilgrimage that may come once in a lifetime, a holiday that may be repeated over and over again, or even a study tour that may offer unlimited scope for research and potential for discoveries within and without.

The major cities / towns / places of Uttarakhand:

Almora

Auli

Badrinath

Bageshwar

Baijnath

Bhimtal

Bhojbasa

Binsar

Chandrashila

Chamoli

Champawat

Chaukori

Chopta

Dehradun

Dharchula

Deoria tal

Devprayag

Dwarhat

Gangotri

Ghangria

Govindghat

Gwaldam

Haridwar

Hemkund Sahib

Joshimath

Jageshwar

Kachani tal

Kalpeshwar

Karnaprayag

Kausani

Kedarnath

Kunjapuri

Lakhamandal

Lohaghat

Madmaheshwar

Mussoorie

Munsyauri

Nainital

Nag tibba

Nanakmatta

Narendra nagar

Nandprayag

Naukuchiyatal

Pantwari

Pithoragarh

Ranikhet

Rishikesh

Rudranath

Rudraprayag

Rudrapur

Sat Tal

Srinagar

Tanakpur

Tungnath

Ukhimath

Uttarkashi

Valley of flowers

Vishnuprayag

Yamunotri

Chakrata

Lansdowne

Dodi tal

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