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list of trees found in Himalayan region

List of trees found in Himalayan region: Himalaya is one of the youngest chains of mountains in the world. There are varieties of wild life present in the whole region of Himalayan mountains. The plants are very crucial for many reasons like oxygen, retaining water and maintaining ecological balance in the region. The Himalayan vegetation starts from an altitude of 1500 mtr. up to 4000 mtr. After the altitude of 4000 mtr., the vegetation vanishes due to heavy snowfall causing the damage to all types of plantation. After any high altitude above 4000 mtr., it is very rare to see any type of big plants. 

The Himalaya is full of variety of wildlife species. Trees cover large part of the temperate region of the Himalayan national park. The conifer species are spread across a major part of varying altitude. The few example are cedar, blue pine and spruce etc. Each of the upper coniferous belts has its unique oak characteristic which provides acorns to rodents and birds.

The fungi and the lichens on the oak trees become food for animals and the birds.  Himalayan yew is found in abundance in the fir forest leading to a cool micro climate.

The most attractive and abundantly found flower rhododendron arboretum can be traced between 1,500 mtr. To 3,000 mtr. There are four species of maple which can be found between 1,500 mtr. To 4,000 mtr in the Himalayan region.

List of trees with altitude and height:

Tree species Altitude (m) Tree height in feet (average)
Alder 1,500 – 2,000 100 – 110 
Birch / Bhoj patra 3,000 – 4,000 60 – 70
Boxwood / Shamshad 2,500 – 3,000 03-08
Deodar / Cedar 2,000 – 3,000 131 – 164
Dogwood 1,800 – 2,800 15 – 25
Hazelnut / Bhuti badam 2,500 – 3,200 15 – 40
Himalayan high altitude fir 3,000 – 4,000 33 – 262
Holly / Kaluchha 2,000 – 2,800 90 – 100
Horse chestnut /khnor 1,800 – 3,000 90 – 100
Maple 2,200 – 3,000 33 – 148
Maple 2,500 – 3,200 33 – 148
Pencil Cedar 1,800 – 3,000 110 – 115
Silver fir / Tosh 2,500 – 3,200 98 – 148

Uses and Applications of Tree Woods: The tree-woods have wide applications in our daily life routine. For instance, Dog wood is used for Jam production, wine fermentation; Pencil Cedar is used for furniture … read more.

Herbal Tourism: Herbal treatment is becoming increasingly popular in many developed countries under the title of “complementary” or “alternative” medicine. The treatment of many diseases using medicinal plants and dietary control/exercise/Yoga has become a part of herbal tourism in many places …….. read more.

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Tough treks in Uttarakhand List of trees found in the Himalayas
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