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Africa

Source: Diana Robinson

About: The African continent is well known for its diverse wildlife, rich culture, and mineral resources. This continent is world’s 2nd largest continent, area wise. The total area of the continent is 30.3 million km² including surrounding islands. The continent covers 6% of Earth’s total surface area and 20.4% of total land area of earth. The population percentage is around 15% of the world’s human population. The continent is bordered by Suez Canal to the northeast; the Mediterranean Sea to the north; the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula; the Atlantic Ocean to the west; and the Indian Ocean to the southeast. Apart from the main land of Africa, the continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagos. Africa is a very large continent extending over 7,500km east to west and  8,000km north to south (not including islands) and inhabited by a wide array of people of different religions, skin colours, and cultures. The total number of nations within Africa is 54; 9 territories and 2 de facto independent states with limited or no recognition.

Nature and Wildlife: Africa boasts of having the world’s longest river— the Nile River, which is 6,650 km long extending from  Egypt, while the Congo River in the Democratic Republic of Congo  is the 2nd  largest in terms of its depths and discharge which is as deep as 230 m in some spots. Mount Kilimanjaro, the world fame mountain, is the world’s tallest free-standing mountain at 5,890 m. The lowest point on earth is also in Africa which is Djibouti’s Lake Assal; also the saltiest lake outside Antarctica, and one of the hottest places on Earth.

Tourism: Africa is known for its wild life, nature, forest. There are endless possibilities for adventure activities such as safari, hiking and camping, bird watching, watching wild animals like elephants, lions etc. There are several places visited every year by millions of tourists such as Dogon Country, Mount Kilimanjaro etc.

African Countries / Territories with Capitals:

S. No.

Countries

Capitals

1

Algeria

Algiers

2

Angola

Luanda

3

Benin

Porto-Novo

4

Botswana

Gaborone

5

Burkina Faso

Ouagadougou

6

Burundi

Bujumbura

7

Cameroon

Yaounde

8

Cape Verde

Praia

9

Central African Republic

Bangui

10

Chad

N’Djamena

11

Comoros

Moroni

12

Congo

Brazzaville

13

Ivory Coast (Cote d’Ivoire)

Yamoussoukro

14

Djibouti

Djibouti

15

Egypt

Cairo

16

Equatorial Guinea

Malabo

17

Eritrea

Asmara

18

Ethiopia

Addis Ababa

19

Gabon

Libreville

20

Gambia

Banjul

21

Ghana

Accra

22

Guinea

Conakry

23

Guinea-Bissau

Bissau

24

Ivory Coast

Abidjan and Yamoussoukro

25

Kenya

Nairobi

26

Lesotho

Maseru

27

Liberia

Monrovia

28

Libya

Tripoli

29

Madagascar

Antananarivo

30

Malawi

Lilongwe

31

Mali

Bamako

32

Mauritania

Nouakchott

33

Mauritius

Port Louis

34

Mayotte

Dzaoudzi and Mamoudzou

35

Morocco

Rabat

36

Mozambique

Maputo

37

Namibia

Windhoek

38

Niger

Niamey

39

Nigeria

Abuja

40

Reunion

Saint-Denis

41

Rwanda

Kigali

42

Sao Tome and Principe

Sao Tome

43

Senegal

Dakar

44

Seychelles

Victoria

45

Sierre Leone

Freetown

46

Somalia

Mogadishu

47

South Africa

Cape Town (Legislative)

Pretoria (Administrative)

Bloemfontein (Judicial)

48

St. Helena

Jamestown

49

Swaziland

Mbabane and Lobamba

50

Tanzania

Dar es Salaam

51

The Democratic Republic of Congo

Kinshasa

52

Togo

Lome

53

Tunisia

Tunis

54

Uganda

Kampala

55

Zambia

Lusaka

56

Zimbabwe

Harare

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